Welcome to Baja California in Mexico!

mexico baja california

Baja California is just one of over 60 official online guides covering the whole of Mexico. If you´re planning a trip to Mexico and would like discover our fabulous nation before visiting or, if you´d like to visit a specific place in Mexico, then you´ve come to the right place. Baja California stands for “Lower California” it is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Baja California is both the northernmost and westernmost state of Mexico, but before becoming a state in 1953, the area was known as the North Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 70,113 km2 (27,071 sq mi), and comprises the northern half of the Baja California peninsula. The state is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora, the State of Arizona (USA), and the Gulf of California, and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S. state of California and city of Tijuana.

The state has a population of +3.2 million, and estimated 3,1 million, as such, much more than the meagerly populated Baja California Sur to the south, and similar to the county of San Diego, California on its north. Over 75% of the population lives in the capital city, Mexicali, in Ensenada, or in Tijuana. Important cities in Baja California include San Felipe, Rosarito and Tecate. The inhabitants of the state are composed of Mestizos, mostly immigrants from other parts of Mexico, and, as with most northern Mexican states, a large populace of Mexicans of European ancestry, and also a big minority group of East Asian, Middle Eastern and indigenous peoples. Moreover, there is a large immigrant population from the United States due to its proximity to San Diego and the lower cost of living compared to San Diego. Baja California also has a significant population from Central America. Many immigrants moved to Baja California for a better quality of life and the number of higher paying jobs in comparison to other areas of Mexico and Latin America.